PANSY

PANSY

The Pansy genus belongs the Violaceae family and includes 400 species native to Europe and to North and South America. The flowers of the spontaneous European species have been widely celebrated by poets and have been known since ancient times for their fragrance and their therapeutic properties. Thanks to the work of floriculturists who have improved pansies throughout the centuries, today hundreds of hybrid varieties with very colourful flowers/strong> are available on the market. Seeding and cultivation of the plantlets is done by nurserymen who sell them when in full bloom. Autumn-winter is the best period for planting these flowers in the garden or in vases./strong> In fact, they resist cold and are not harmed by frost. /strong>Pansies are hardy plants with very few needs and they therefore adapt well to diverse types of soils. A good substratum should nevertheless contain 60% organic compost and 40% inert material /strong>such as expanded clay, perlite, or sand. In any case, it is important that to avoid excessive water retention. The plants must be placed in full sun or in part-shade,/strong> in locations that are not too windy. Suitable for groupings and borders, pansies are the ideal plants for decorating flower beds and balconies during the cold months, up to April./strong> During the flowering period, it is advisable to feed the plants every fortnight /strong>with complex soluble (NPK) fertilizers through irrigation. Potted plants must be watered regularly to avoid waterlogging. Since cultivation takes place mainly in cold weather, insects are not a threat. To prevent fungal diseases of the roots, it is sufficient to avoid excessive humidity around the plant.

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