CYCLAMEN

CYCLAMEN

The cyclamen genus belongs to the Primulaceae family, which includes around 20 species native to the Mediterranean, some of which are also spontaneous in Italy. Cyclamens have been known since ancient times. In fact, they were already known to the Greeks in 371 B.C. Their name comes from the Greek “kyklos”—circle—referring to the particular shape of the base of the petals. The arrival of the exotic species, Cyclamen Persicum, in Europe around 1650 and subsequent work on genetic improvement has led to big, bright flowers such as those that characterize cyclamens today. To understand how complex and laborious the work of the floriculturists was, it is enough to consider that in the 1700’s it took 4 whole years and at least 7 or 8 repotting between seeding and flowering, whereas the current varieties require a single repotting and the cycle between seeding and flowering lasts less than a year. Cyclamens available on the market vary in size (normal or dwarf) as well as in the colour, shape, and size of their flowers (bicolor, normal, fringed, variegated, etc.). Cyclamens of good quality have dark, compact leaves and flowers with stems that are not too long. Once bought, cyclamens can be placed in dappled sunlight or in the shade, in cool sites preferably with temperatures that do not go above 20°C. Although they resist the cold, they fear frost. In repotting, one must remember that these plants do not do well in large vases (which reduce the number of flowers), although they require tall vases. Compost for repotting must be organic and enriched with slow-release fertilizers. A good substratum for cyclamens must contain 80% organic compost and 20% expanded clay or any other inert material that allows for good drainage. The plants must be watered by immerging the vases in water. If they must be watered from above, avoid leaving the leaves wet for too long. The plants must be fed every week—especially when they are in full bloom—with a complex soluble fertilizer to be applied through watering. If one wishes to keep them for a long time, after spring one must let them go dormant by removing all dry leaves, suspending watering, and leaving them in a cool place. Fertilization must begin in late summer. The problems of Cyclamens are due above all to diseases and parasites that attack the bulb. One must be very careful to avoid waterlogging. Copper and sulfur based treatments can be useful.

pianta da fiore ciclamino

CICLAMINO
CICLAMINO
Code: 4084
Vase: 17
Color:
CICLAMINO MINI VARIEGATO LILLA E BIANCO
CICLAMINO MINI VARIEGATO LILLA E BIANCO
Code: 2032
Vase: 10
Color:
MINI CICLAMINI TRE IN FILA
MINI CICLAMINI TRE IN FILA
Code: 4043
Vase: 10
Color: